Growing plants was once thought to be only possible khohaibok if there is soil where plants can be grown. However, growing plants without soil is also possible. It is done through hydroponic style of gardening. This gardening method can allow large amounts of vegetables and fruits to be grown even if the area is limited. Hydroponic gardening also involves the proper implementation of concepts and techniques so that plants may grow healthy. Different variables are also to be considered; such as amount of available space for planting, gardening budget and the time you can spend for the maintenance of your hydroponic garden. Below are some guidelines that will help you in experiencing pleasure and productivity on hydroponic gardening.
Good Start For Plants
When the seeds are germinating, it is when the seeds are known to sprout. This germination stage happens in hydroponics inside a growing medium, which can be made from various things like expanded clay, composted bark, gravel, sand or peat moss. Mediums to avoid are vermiculite, perlite, oasis and rock wool. These things are usually containing asbestos that can present serious threat to health. To give a good start to plants, make sure that you know the right amount of lighting and temperature to provide for it. Every plant is unique from one another in terms of germination requirements so make sure you know exactly what your plants need.
At different stages in a plant’s life, it will need varying amount of light to grow well. Generally, when it is in the growth stage, it would require more of the red spectrum light that can be obtained using MH or Metal Halide light. A plant on its fruiting or flowering stage, on the other hand, will need the blue spectrum light that can be provided when you use HPS or High Pressure Sodium light. There are new models of LED lights available in the market today that you can conveniently adjust to offer proper lighting for different plants in different stages of growth. Compared to standard lighting equipment, these modern LED lights are, however, more expensive.
When it comes to plant nutrition, remember that there is no soil from which plants may gather their essential nutrients. Instead, these nutrients are obtained by plants through the water containing micro or macronutrients. Macronutrients essential in hydroponic planting are Nitrogen ( for aiding the growth of new leaves), Phosphorus ( for blooming and root growth), Potassium (for resistance to diseases), Calcium ( for the growth of new shoots and roots) and Magnesium (its ions are significant chlorophyll components necessary for the photosynthesis of plants). Whereas micronutrients needed by plants are Copper, Boron, Zinc and Iron.
Disease And Pest Prevention
A hydroponic garden is similar with a traditional garden in such as way that it is also susceptible to diseases and pests. To avoid such problems, the best way you can implement is the maintenance of a clean environment where plants will grow. Choose plants that are disease-resistant and sturdy. You also need to provide proper ventilation and appropriate temperature control in your growth room or area. Constantly monitor the plants so you can quickly detect is there are any diseases or pests that have started to develop or affect the plants.